If you're experiencing numbness, tingling, or burning sensation in your hand, you may have nerve pain in hand. There are several different types of nerve pain, including Carpal tunnel syndrome and De Quervain's tenosynovitis. You may also experience pain due to arthritis or peripheral neuropathy. Read on to learn more about these painful conditions and how to treat them.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Although doctors can give you steroid injections to relieve your symptoms, this doesn't cure CTS. Your symptoms may return within months, requiring another injection. Fortunately, surgery is an effective cure for CTS, and it usually doesn't require any recovery time. A doctor will numb the hand with a local anesthetic and make a small cut on your hand to remove pressure on the carpal tunnel nerve. The operation usually takes less than 20 minutes and patients don't have to stay overnight.
The symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome are a combination of numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand. Sometimes, they can spread to the forearm. Symptoms tend to come on gradually over weeks and are often worse in the thumb. However, symptoms may affect the entire hand or both hands. The pain may be accompanied by muscle cramping and weakness. Sometimes, it can even cause a person to lose grip strength.
Treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome depend on the cause. While repetitive movements or wrist movements can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome, it is more common in women than in men. A doctor may recommend resting your hand to minimize pain and inflammation. Other treatments may include using a wrist splint. This device will keep your hand in a neutral position, preventing it from bending, and restricting movement.
Diabetic and thyroid gland imbalances can also contribute to the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Symptoms include numbness, tingling, and burning in the hand's palm area. Pain usually begins in the night and lasts for several hours. You may need to see a doctor if you notice symptoms that are persistent. You may need to take a break from work or other activities until the pain goes away.
De Quervain's tenosynovitis
Treatment for de Quervain's tenodylitis in hand will depend on the symptoms and severity of the condition. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to separate the tissues covering the thumb tendons. This will improve their range of motion. A doctor at the University of Michigan can help you through the process. These surgeons hold dual appointments in Orthopaedic and Plastic Surgery. The doctors also have a specialty in Hand.
Diagnosis of de Quervain's tenoasynovitis in hand is easy. Your doctor will need to apply pressure to the base of your thumb with your fingers closed. This is called the Finkelstein test. If you feel any pain while bending your wrist, you may have the disorder. In addition to a physical exam, your doctor may order X-rays to confirm the diagnosis.
If you're suffering from De Quervain's tensynovitis, you should seek treatment as soon as possible. This condition can cause long-term damage to the thumb or wrist. You may end up having to give up hand use for a while or have a definite disability from the condition. In severe cases, the condition can lead to bursts of the tendon sheath and may lead to permanent disability.
To diagnose de Quervain's tenoiditis, your doctor will perform the Finkelstein test. By pressing on the little finger, the doctor can see whether the tendons of your thumb are inflamed and narrowed. If you experience pain while doing this, your condition is most likely De Quervain's tenosynovitis. Treatment of this condition focuses on reducing inflammation and preserving the mobility of your thumb.
The pain in your hand may be the result of arthritis. Arthritis can affect one or all of the finger joints in the hand. Symptoms of arthritis vary from person to person, and the exact cause and treatment for this problem may depend on the severity and location of the damage. Hand arthritis can be painful and limit the ability to do everyday activities. It can also lead to a stiff hand and limited finger movement.
Some other causes of hand pain include trauma to the joints, fractures that damage the joint surface, and dislocations. In the early stages of arthritis, symptoms may be vague and dull. They may occur hours later. Early symptoms may be intermittent, recurring, or reoccur on a daily basis. In more advanced stages, pain may be severe and a person may wake up every morning with joint pain.
Arthritis symptoms in the hand may include a grinding or grating sensation in the joint. The reason for this may be due to the cartilage surfaces rubbing against each other. In advanced stages of the disease, the ligaments that support the joint may become inflamed or lax, causing it to shift out of alignment. Arthritis may also cause bone and tissue changes, such as inflammation.
A healthcare provider can make a diagnosis if you experience symptoms. X-rays can reveal if bone cartilage has been damaged or if bone spurs have formed. Depending on the type of arthritis, the stage of the disease, and how many joints are involved, your treatment may include medication, braces, steroid injections, and surgery. The early diagnosis can greatly improve your chances of finding a cure for your hand arthritis.
People who suffer from peripheral neuropathy will likely experience changes in sensation. They may feel “pins and needles,” or they may experience numbness and cramping in the hand, foot, or arm. This can make it difficult to walk or handle small objects. Peripheral neuropathy is a condition that can have varying degrees of severity and is often a symptom of a more serious underlying disease.
Treatment options for peripheral neuropathy may include medications to manage pain and other symptoms. But many people have to take more than just medications to manage symptoms. The cause of peripheral neuropathy must be addressed first. Medication can have side effects, so it is best to discuss treatment options with your doctor. Self-care strategies such as strengthening exercises, using braces, and planning daily activities can help ease symptoms and minimize the need for medical care.
A blood test may reveal vitamin and mineral deficiencies, liver and kidney dysfunction, autoimmune diseases, or toxins. Your doctor may order additional tests to check for the presence of tumors, pinched nerves, and autoimmune diseases. Some inherited neuropathies may require genetic testing. Genetic testing is also helpful for diagnosing the cause of the condition. For a full understanding of your specific neuropathy, a medical examination may be necessary.
In some cases, surgery may be needed to relieve nerve pain. In rare cases, a tumor may be pressing on a nerve and surgery may be necessary. Treatment may include non-drug methods, such as ice and heat packs. Medications for peripheral neuropathy often focus on addressing underlying medical conditions. These include antidepressants and antiseizure medications. Other treatments may include a topical cream containing capsaicin or lidocaine.
A painful, swollen lump in the hand and finger is a sign of trigger finger, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis. The pain can cause the fingers to become stiff and may even prevent a person from making a fist. It's best to seek treatment as early as possible because symptoms tend to worsen in the morning. Treatment will focus on reducing swelling, eliminating catching, and restoring full movement.
Trigger fingers can affect any finger, but it's most common in musicians, industrial workers, and farmers. A physician can typically diagnose it with a physical exam and medical history. He or she will listen for the characteristic clicking sound when a finger is flexed or extended, look for a bent finger, and observe the patient open and close their hand. Surgical intervention may not be necessary for the condition.
Surgical treatment is available for trigger finger. The underlying cause is inflammation of the flexor tendon, which is the cord that attaches a muscle to a bone. This irritation interferes with the tendon's normal gliding motion through its protective sheath. Prolonged irritation of the tendon sheath may cause scarring, thickening, or nodules. Repetitive gripping is a major risk factor. Some people are genetically predisposed to trigger finger. In addition, women are more likely to develop this disorder.
Treatment for trigger finger may include taking NSAIDs, physical therapy, and splinting the affected hand. Exercise may also help relieve pain and increase range of motion. Splinting can also relieve stiffness in the morning. As with most injuries, treating trigger finger early is essential to reducing symptoms and restoring full function. If your trigger finger does not respond to physical therapy, try a splint or wrist brace.